APPSeCONNECT Expression Language

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Transformation is one of the major step to any integration solution as different APIs consume different structures in terms of data and format. Every transformation you perform over data requires extensive implementation of business logic. The integration platform provides capabilities to map the data sources such that destination consumable schemas can be generated. APPSeCONNECT provides its own language and syntax which gives you as an integration specialist a way to define your business logic. The language which you write to transform the data from one data format to another is APPSeCONNECT Expression langauge.

Behind every application integration, there is a business logic. APPSeCONNECT stores this integration logic in the form of data. Attribute mapping forms the main part of transforming data from one format to another format. In the following sections, we will guide you through APPSeCONNECT Expression langauge, different types of mapping and how they are important in performing tasks such as customizations and alterations with the change in business requirement.

Prerequisites

Before going deep into different types of mapping, you need to know the following in details.

Types of Syntax Used in APPSeCONNECT

APPSeCONNECT Expression Language provides three types of syntaxes to perform free and smooth transformation.

Double Curly Braces

Double Curly Braces is used to evaluate the data in an XML document. Any Xpath expression that you provide inside Double Curly Braces will be evaluated. This can also be used to evaluate the simple XPATH methods. Double Curly Braces is denoted by {{ }}. You can use this syntax during transformation to implement the business logics in the following ways.

doublecurlybraces

You can use any attribute, xml function, complex xpath, or variable inside Double Curly Braces .

Single Squared Bracket Syntax

Single Squared Bracket is used to call external functions as well as expression synatxes. While using generic function, source functions destination function and choose-when mapping, you need to use Single Squared Bracket. APPSeCONNECT also provides the usage of case statement. In order to case statement, you need to use this syntax as well. Single Squared Bracket is denoted by []. During transformation, you can use this syntax to implement the business logics in the following ways.

singlesquraedbraces

choose-when mapping

choose-when mapping is a type of case statement, analogous to if-else statement used in mapping. This type of statement is essential when you want the value of a field of the destination schema to be conditionally dependent on the value of the corresponding field of the source schema. In other words, the value of the destination field would depend on the source field, such that for every different value of the source field, there is a corresponding value for the destination field.

Take the analogy of the if-else statement to understand this. Say, you want to set up the value of a variable x such that it depends on another variable y. If the value of y is 1, x will be 2, if y is 3, x will be 100 and so on.

Similarly, consider the customer entity and you are transferring data from the source application to the destination application. Suppose, you want the value of the country field from the source schema to be mapped with the same field of the destination schema. However, you want to setup such that, if the country is USA in the source application, in the destination application it will be 1. On the other hand, if it is India, at the destination it will be 2. In such a case, we deploy choose-when mapping.

The generalised structure of the choose-when condition is :

[choose][when](condition)statement[endwhen][otherwise]statement[endotherwise][endchoose]

You can also use Double Curly Braces inside Single Squared Bracket but the reverse is not possible.

Special Language Syntax

These are special syntaxes that lets you define complex object expression in simple terms. You can use this syntax while peforming look up mapping in mapper.

speciallanguagesyntax

Different Mapping Types available in APPSeCONNECT

Hard Coded Mapping

Hardcoded mapping is implemented when it is required that a field of the destination schema bears a constant value such that the value of the field does not change with every transformation carried out.

As an example, if a customer wants every business partner, added from the source to the destination application to come with a flag of constant value, then he can deploy hard-coded mapping.

Field to Field Mapping

Field to Field mapping is required when your business demands mapping a field of the destination schema to directly fetch its value from the source schema.

As an example, if you want the Customer schema of SAP B1 to fetch the value of the field Country directly from the country field of the source schema, you can map the country field of both the schemas.
field-field-mapping
For this example, let us say, you wish to map the destination field email with the source field email of the schema customer. These fields exist as nodes in the corresponding XML document. Then you can directly map the fields together, by providing the name of the source field in the destination field. However if you wish to map the field PIN of the destination field, you cannot access the node directly. The node PIN exists as a child node of the parent node shipping and billing which in turn are child nodes to the node address.

  • Direct field mapping - To access the node PIN, we provide the entire path up to the node so that it can be accessed.
  • Field mapping via XPATH - To access the node PIN of the node billing, we provide the following XPATH as address/billing/PIN.

Function Mapping

Prerequisite : Knowledge about AppResource functions.

  • AppResource functions can be deployed for facilitating the required data transformation between the source and destination application.
  • To use AppResource functions you only require to know the fields/variable you desire to map along with the name of the function.
  • To understand the utility of these functions let us look at the example below. Suppose when developing a particular processflow, you come to learn that, destination application accepts date time in a different format what is sent by the source application. Let the accepted date time format be like “yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss” and received format be like “dd-MM-yyyy”. To get around this dilemma, we use AppResource functions.

Refer this link to know in details about functional mapping.

Query Mapping

As the name suggests, Direct Query mapping is actually running a query in the source schema so as to store the resultant data from the query in the destination field. For example, when we run a SQL query we provide the name of the field whose result we require, the name of the table from where the data is to be fetched and the parameters, on the basis of which the results would be filtered.

Structure of an SQL query is : select name from student where rollno = 1. Name is the output field, student is the schema and rollno is the parameter whose value we are checking to filter the data. We use a similar format when we wish to fetch data from the source or destination schema in APPSeCONNECT. We provide the name of the desired field, the schema and the parameters in the query.

The native AppResource function that we use for this purpose is ‘sourcelib’ or ‘destinationlib’ depending on from where we wish to receive the data. Structure of a query in mapping is destinationlib:GetUniqueId(“,”,”,”) where we provide the required field, the schema and the parameters in order.

Variable Mapping

Click Variable Mapping to know in details.

LookUp Mapping

Click Lookups Mapping to know in details.

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